RPM package manager is used by large number of Linux distributions (Red Hat Enterprise, CentOS, Fedora). Like dpkg, rpm is meant to manage local software packages. This means it can only install, verify, remove, query packages that are already downloaded and have .rpm file extension. The .rpm file format looks like this:
- rpmpackagename is the name of the package
- 3.1.1-M10 is the version number
- x86_64 is the architecture
- .rpm indicates this file is rpm archive
Install this package
# rpm -i packagename-3.1.1-M10-x86_64.rpm
Install, verbose for nicer display, process bar.
# rpm -ivh packagename-3.1.1-M10-x86_64.rpm
Install file, and ignore dependencies. You want to install dependencies later.
# rpm -ivh --nodeps packagename-3.1.1-M10-x86_64.rpm
Verify file with checksums
# rpm -vK packagename-3.1.1-M10-x86_64.rpm
Query if the package is installed
# rpm -q firefox
Query list, find if this package is installed
# rpm -ql random.rpm
Query list and show detailed information about that package.
# rpm -qi bittorent
Query list of installed packages, sort by newest first
# rpm -qa --last
- -q: Query a package and see if it is installed
- -p: List dependencies
- -R: List package’s dependencies
# rpm -qpR random.rpm
- -qf: Query file
- Find to which package this file belongs to.
# rpm -qf /usr/bin/htpasswd
- qip: Query info package
- We downloaded .rpm package, use this too find more information about it.
# rpm -qip random.rpm
- Display manual pages related to vmstat package
- qdf: Query document file
# rpm -qdf /usr/bin/vmstat
Find all configuration files used by this package
# rpm -qc openssh
Reverse to -qc, shows what package has this file
# rpm -q --whatprovides /usr/bin/zsh
- Upgrade package.
- Also, it will maintain backup of older package so that it can be reinstalled if error occurs.
# rpm -Uvh random.rpm
Upgrade this package, but only if newer version exists.
# rpm -F random.rpm
- Vp: Verify package
- Compare installed package against rpm database
# rpm -Vp random.rpm
- Va: Verify all
- Verify all installed packages against rpm databse
# rpm -Va
To verify packages, import GPG key
# rpm --import /path/to/key
Print all imported GPG keys
# rpm -qa gpg-pubkey*
Verify package’s integrity, and check if all package files are present
# rpm -V packagename-3.1.1-M10-x86_64.rpm
Remove installed package
# rpm -e package
Remove the package, but leave its dependencies
# rpm -e --nodeps nginx